The Consequences of an Acidic Diet
An animal study conducted by researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center raises questions about the consequences of diet — specifically glucose, the plant-based acid — on increased activity of an oncogene that drives tumor growth.
In the study published online in the journal Cell Cycle, the scientists report, for the first time, that high levels of glucose in the diet of mice with cancer is linked to increased expression of mutant p53 genes. Normal p53 acts as a tumor suppressor, but many scientists believe that mutant p53 acts as an oncogene, pushing cancer growth. High levels of mutant p53 expression in a wide variety of human tumors has long been linked to cancer aggressiveness, resistance to therapy, worse outcomes and even relapse after therapy.
The findings from my own cancer research indicates the need to eliminate ALL forms of sugar from the diet, including glucose, maltose, dextose, fructose, sucrose, etc. Considering that sugar is a metabolic waste product and in excess will be pushed out into the body tissues causing everything from irritation, to inflammation, to induration, to ulceration and finally degenerative of animal or human cell.
Avantaggiati suggested that the study tested different components of the diet and found that complete starvation, among other factors, did not have any effect on the levels of mutant p53 in laboratory-cultured cancer cells. She also adds that specific research examining if different components of the diet, aside from glucose, will contribute to the growth of tumors harboring p53 mutations is necessary.
In the study, the researchers sought to understand how to reduce the levels of proteins generated by mutations of the p53 gene in tumors. The issue is important, Avantaggiati says, not only because the majority of human tumors contains too much mutant p53 protein, but also because researchers now believe that current chemotherapy drugs actually increase the amount of mutant p53 in cancer, leading to possible resistance to these drugs.
In the five-year study, conducted in collaboration with her GUMC colleagues and co-authors Chris Albanese, Ph.D., and Olga Rodriguez, M.D., Ph.D., the researchers studied the link between glucose restriction and autophagy in cultured cells. Autophagy is a process that clears a cell of damaged organelles and misfolded proteins — proteins viewed to be dysfunctional.
“Mutant p53 proteins are misfolded, but they are usually not efficiently degraded. However, when autophagy is induced by glucose restriction, this process eliminates them, and this is what we were hoping to see,” Avantaggiati says. But the process offers an additional bonus. Autophagy is usually turned-off by mutant p53, but because these cancer cells now contain very little p53 protein, autophagy marches on, chewing up proteins, pushing the cancer cell to die.
The researchers then conducted a series of studies to see if this link could be established in animal models. In a transgenic mouse model with mutant p53, they showed that in mice fed a low carbohydrate (low glucose - the pH Miracle) diet — but one with a normal calorie load — there was a significant decrease in the amount of mutant p53 protein in their tissues, compared to mice fed with a high carbohydrate diet. This finding supports my own findings with the pH Miracle Lifestyle and Diet that a low carbohydrate reduces acid load and prevents further mutation of cells or the creation of more cancerous cells. The method for determining this reduction in acid load and cancer cell reduction was multiple ph and chemistry testing of the blood, interstitial fluids and intracellular fluids using 3D Bio-electro scanning and non-invasive blood testing.
This suggested that mutant p53 levels are sensitive to glucose restriction, but additional research was needed to determine whether this phenomenon had an impact upon tumor growth.
To help answer that question, other experiments were conducted to test the ability of human lung cancer cells, engrafted in mice, to grow when the animals were fed one of two diets — low (the pH Miracle diet) or high carbohydrates. In this case the researchers constructed a p53 mutant protein that was less susceptible to degradation by glucose restriction-induced autophagy.
They found that in the mice fed the low carbohydrate diet (pH Miracle diet), the growth of tumors was blocked, but only when the tumors expressed the mutant p53 protein that could be degraded by autophagy. But when the artificial mutant p53 proteins could not be cleared, cancer growth proceeded regardless of the glucose content in the diet. This suggested that p53 mutant degradation is part of the reason why the low carbohydrate diet slows tumor growth, Avantaggiati says.
“This series of studies helps establish the mechanisms of why a low carbohydrate diet slows tumor growth,” says Avantaggiati. “Glucose restriction triggers autophagy, a critical process for clearing the cell of detrimental, potentially damaging proteins or cellular debris that can eventually destroy the entire cancer cell. We believe that this process works more efficiently when mutant p53 is not around.”
The findings are very compelling, she says, and should set the ground for investigating, in further depth, how glucose and various acidic sugary food components affect the levels of mutant p53 in tumors. “Various types of dietetic interventions have been shown to affect cancer growth, but no one had ever shown, before this study, that the amount of carbohydrates could affect the expression of mutant p53,” Avantaggiati says.
The study was funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health (R01 CA102746 and R01 CA129003) and the National Cancer Institute (P30CA051008).
To learn more about the pH Miracle Lifestyle and Diet read The pH Miracle revised and updated, The pH Miracle for Cancer (phoreveryoung.com) and Alkalizing Nutritional Therapy in the Prevention and Treatment of Any Cancerous Condition (http://medcraveonline.com/IJCAM/IJCAM-02-00046.php)